Darjeeling – Terai:
Darjeeling District is the northern-most community of the state of West Bengal in the eastern part of India in the foothills of the Himalayas. The region is popular for its lovely hill stations and Darjeeling tea.Its is the region headquarter. Kalimpong, Kurseong and Siliguri, three other key towns in the locality, are the subdivisional main station of the area. Mirik, another region of the area, has advanced as a lake resort after the late 1970s.
Geographically, the region can be divided into two broad categories, the hills and the plains. The whole hilly region of the district is under the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration, a semi-free administrative body under the state government of West Bengal. This body wraps the three hill subdivisions of Darjeeling, Kurseong and Kalimpong. Foothills of Darjeeling Himalayas, which goes under the Siliguri subdivision, is well known as the Terai.
Darjeeling and Tourism:
The sparkling snow peaks of Kanchenjunga ignoring the hill town, and the grand tea gardens on the slants of moving slopes , orchids, pines & rhododendrons, the endearing Himalayan toy train whistling and making its way through the mountains. You connect all that with vast sightseeing tours, food, shopping and other exciting activities. Darjeeling has a lot of sightseeing tour areas, including which are: The Happy Valley Tea;Situated 1 km away from the town, on the Lebong Carter Road and serves a peaceful and relaxing getaway from the busy activity of tourist.
The Himalayan Railway
Well-known as the “Toy Train”, the Himalayan Railway operates between New Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling and is a limited gauge railway. The railway also serves UNESCO World Heritage Site and provides fine views of the scenic mountains on its way to Darjeeling.
The Tiger Hill
Located at an altitude of 2590 meters, Tiger Hill is situated 11 km from Darjeeling and displays a splendid view of Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga. It is recommended to go to Tiger Hill early in the morning as the sun comes up from the mountain peaks.
Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park
Formed in 1958, this zoo is made in the memory of Padmaja Naidu, the former governor of West Bengal. It is amongst one of the perfect zoos in the country, this zoo tops in raising wild wolf in confinement. The zoo is also home to threatened breeds like the Red Panda, Siberian Tiger and the Snow Leopard.
Tourism and the Economy of Darjeeling:
The two most essential factors to Darjeeling’s economy are tourism and the tea industry. The tea, because of the unique agro-climatic conditions of this place, has a unique pure flavor, and is internationally believed and identified as a geographical marker.
This hill station had become a key tourist stop as early as 1860. It is noted to be the only region in eastern India that experiences large amounts of foreign visitors. It is also a popular filming destination for Bollywood and Bengali cinema. Tourist inflow here had been affected by the political crisis in the area, and protests in the 1980s and 2000s hit the tourism industry hard. However, post 2012, Darjeeling has once again experienced a stable inflow of both domestic and international visitors. Currently, around 50,000 foreign and 5 lakh domestic tourists visit each year.